Continuity planning project

Internal Memorandum
To: All Department Heads
From: Operational Manager
Re: Preparation for the first meeting of the company continuity planning team.

The company operations should be protected and prevented from any action that may render the failures to the meeting of the daily activities. It requires the management to speed up the process of implementing the company continuity plan that will provide the guidance to the securing of the company entities. The continuity plan is essential to our company since it is a key element that provides support to good governance as a demand from most regulators and stakeholders within the company. The plan extends to meeting and ensuring compliance with the international standards from which a company should operate within. Company continuity guarantees some protection to the company data and some relative identities of the company. Therefore, the company requires a proper business continuity plan to avoid the breaching of the data protection legislation defined within the company (Burtles, 2007).

We take to inform that the company is scheduled to undertake an exercise of appointing representatives from each department to the business continuity planning team. The appointment of the representatives will take into consideration the following effects; the departments should present an individual of following desirables (Fulmer, 2008);

The eligible candidates should have a good understanding of the company core process and the overall company management
The candidate should possess some good leadership’s skills as well as deployment of the teamwork; we also request to you consider the quality of both verbal and written communication of the candidates
The candidate must prove the experience and possession of in Information Technology and information security skills
The presented individual must express some strong project management capabilities and be a well-respected person within the company
The heads of department should identify some individuals within their departments and forward the names for discussion during the meeting. May we have a thought on some other relevant and desirable qualities for our team because the task ahead of the team is critical and require very sensitive and promising personnel for the duties exercised in the company continuity plan.

During the meeting, the attendants will examine, propose and identify the roles to be played by the continuity planning team. However, the roles should capture and address the test facilitators prior implementing the plan, the suggested participants, the business stakeholders, management, recorders and other defined roles. Before the meeting, it is the urge of the management through the operational department to have the departments’ heads brainstorm on other roles apart from the following roles (Goh, 2006);

The test facilitators will be expected to be responsible for ensuring the sessions is in order, and the, actions are taken smoothly, introduce some creativity of roadblocks and worst case scenarios while undertaking the test. They should make sure that all issues to be addressed are recorded as they keep the schedule of the session and ensure that the follow-up activities and time frames are well discussed and prepared.
The recovery team goes by representing the persons that undertake some roles that are relevant to the selected scenario. They will be expected to have the following in condition, reviewing of the business continuity plan before the undertaking of the test and in normal happen of an event, disaster. Brainstorm and discuss to identify the appropriate best actions to be undertaken during the undertaking of the test or the recovery process within the company.
Company employees’ Skills Inventory

May this come to the attention that the Human Resource department will have to conduct some skill inventory so as to have the identification of the most possible reliable and skilled personnel whom we can have them involved in the business continuity planning team. It is important to note that the exercise shall come before the hold of the meeting in preparation to the identifying of the company continuity planning team. The exercise goes by to have the identification of the potential candidates with the desirable skills, have the company determine what kind of training should be conducted to impact the missing skills within the employees and many other relevant benefits of conducting skills inventory within the company (Anonymous, 2002).

The first meeting agenda
The department heads should be informed that the agenda for the first meeting is under development and shall receive the agenda documents some two weeks before the hold of the meeting. It is our prayer and request that we take to consider the information in the agenda paper and hold to respect the information contained.

The company wishes to thank for the good work you are doing for the best of results it is holding. It is the prayer that we keep up with the same tone and remain focused to the meeting of the company goals. Thank you for your time as you plan to respond to the outlined activities in the documents.

First meeting of the company continuity planning team agenda

AGENDA
First Meeting of the Company continuity planning team
9.00 a.m. – 5.00 p.m.

The meeting was called by Company Operational Manager
Attendees: All Department heads
Please bring:
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9.00 a.m. – 10.00 a.m. Introduction

Breakfast and socializing Board room

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10.00 a.m. – Noon Presentation of the department representative’s names for vetting Board room

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Noon – 1.00 p.m. Lunch Board room

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1.00 p. m. – 4.00 p.m. Develop the business continuity planning team roles and responsibilities Board room

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4.00 p.m. – 5.00 p.m. Tea break and adjourning the meeting Board room

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Please let us keep time and be organized during the meeting.
Thank you all.
Continuity planning team budget draft
The budget will take duration of 12 months in the capture of the continuity planning team meetings, the required materials, training expenses, testing cost and the set-aside figure for the case of the disaster.

Budget Draft

Item cost ($000)

Team meeting 1200

Remunerations 1500

Team materials 3500

Trainings 2000

Plan testing cost 1500

Disaster cost 10000

Miscellaneous 1000

The budget estimation goes by ensuring that anticipated event is allocated some higher amount as it will entail a lot. At the same time, the continuity planning team must be given some incentives to give them the heart and an assurance that the company appreciates their efforts. The training is critical as the team must get the high skills of handling the scenarios and it goes by providing them the most sophisticated facilities to fasten and easy their work of securing the company data. The budget is under adjustments depending on the relevant factors and suggestions from the management.

Strategies and importance of business continuity in today’s organizations

Abstract
Many businesses are leveraging technology in all the areas of their business as it helps them realize the true value and quick return on investments. As the technology is having application in the business, there is also increasing threats to the information systems of an organization arising from disasters. Disaster can strike at any time without warning, and they can take the shape of the storm, flood, hurricanes, civil unrest, product contamination or terrorist bombs among others. Business continuity requires that organizations protect against, reduce the likelihood and make sure that their organizations can recover from disruptive events. A business continuity plan ensures that organizations have a good preparation, and they anticipate and respond to security threats to their information and systems appropriately. The paper outlines the strategies and the importance of having a business continuity plan in an organization.

Introduction

Business continuity refers to maintaining the business processes or having a quick resumption in the event of a disruption to such as a flood, fire outbreak, data deletion of malicious attack. A business continuity plan entails the procedures and the instructions that a company needs to follow in the event of disaster outbreak. The recovery incorporates all the business processes, assets, people, business partners and many more. Every disaster is unique, and it manifests in unexpected ways, so that is the reason organizations has to prepare ahead of time to address any disaster. By so doing they can continue their operations amidst major disruption because they will have a concrete plan on how to go about in mitigating those incidents of having a quick recovery. BC planning aims to prevent the interruption of mission-critical services and ensure there is fully functioning as quickly as possible.

Business continuity strategies
It is a requirement that there be the conduction g of business impact analysis after which the development of strategies takes place in light of how to operate a business after a disruption. There are several strategies a business needs to consider in business continuity. One of the strategies is to ensure there is the training of the response team as well as all the staff so as to be conversant with the contents of the business continuity plan. The training also equips them with the required skills on how to report any security incidents and how to respond to those incidents as appropriately as possible. That is because business continuity and disaster response are the responsibility of every individual in an organization (Kim, 2010). Another strategy that business has to consider in business continuity is to hire the needed equipment for addressing disasters in good time so as to avoid confusions during the event of a disaster.

There is also the strategy of having a data backup in place so that when the loss or damage of data takes place then an organization can recover the lost data effectively from the backup site. Backups can protect the business from worst scenarios like natural disasters, malware attackers or other critical failures (Watters, 2014). Those backups need to have storage on site so as to be secure and if possible, an organization can contract its backup to a third party such cloud computing providers. Data backup is the heart of business continuity and without it an organization can lose vital data and systems that can be too costly to recover culminating to the death of the business (Myers, 2006). Another vital strategy to ensure business continuity is to have insurance policies and other vital contents kept off site. Businesses also should develop a continuity strategy for each product or service so that they can restore their business before they reach a maximum acceptable outage.

Importance of business continuity
Business continuity is integral to overall risks management of an organization (Snedaker & Rima, 2014). It is impossible to eliminate all types of risks, and that is why companies implement business continuity so as to prepare for potentially disruptive events. A business continuity plan is vital because it provides the strategies regarding how a company will continue after the disruption of its functions by the disaster. Then BC plan stipulates how an enterprise will prepare for a disaster, how it will respond and the steps required to ensure the restoration of normal operations (Thejendra, 2014). It suggests a more comprehensive strategy that ensures that business remains operational, not only after a catastrophe but also during small disruptions. It helps to limit the long-term or long-term negative impacts on the organization. A solid business continuity plan enables a company to address any situation forthwith and effectively (Snedaker & Rima, 2014). Every company has critical systems that it relies on to function and so it should ensure there is maximum protection for those systems. The absence of business continuity in the organization can cost its life because there are organizations closed in the event of a disaster because they lacked business continuity at hand.

Conclusion
Regardless of the type of industry, when an unforeseen event takes place resulting in the halt of the day-to-day functions, a firm needs to recover as quickly as possible so that it continues to provide services. It is mandatory that every organization have a business continuity plan, and this will help them to manage risks and potential security incidents that threaten their normal operations. The lack of a business continuity plan in an enterprise puts the enterprise at risk of high financial losses, loss of reputation and a risk of losing its customers. So it is good to have a business continuity plan in place because the risk of having no such as plan can pose a serious risk to a company.

Ibadi (Ibadism)

Introduction
Religious organizations have been in existence for many years, and all of them have a unique origin and their spread. In most instances, religious organizations have a set of principles, rules, and beliefs that guide their way of life and culture. It also defines them and describes why they do and believe what they purport to be right. The Ibadi movement also bears the name of Ibadism or Ibadiyya, which is a school of Islam having much dominance in Oman and Zanzibar (Hoffman, 2004). Other groups of the organization occupy some parts of Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and East Africa. The history of the movement explains that it came into existence 20 years after the death of the Muslim prophet Muhammad. A movement is a reformed group from the Kharijite movement. However, the movement denies any association with the former sect. The sect of Islam is neither Sunni nor Shi’I but believes that there ought to be a Muslim Society in which true Muslims are only part of their sect. The main difference between the group and the rest of Muslim is the root of political theory.

Aims of the group
Ibadism aimed at distancing itself from Kharijism movement by establishing ideologies that were different from the norms of the Kharijites. Ibadism movement started with being different in their viewpoint on the subjective interpretations of the words of the Prophet. Other aspects have diverse views on some things in the Quran, how the prophet followed the commands of Allah and the stories of the examples from his daily life. The aim of the Ibadis was to return the purity of the Islamic faith and the entire society along the lines laid by Prophet Muhammad (Hoffman, 2014).

The group aimed to live in peace with the other Muslims and, therefore, opposed to the armed rebellion and political assassination developed by the Kharijis in the form of Holy War. Thus, Ibadis have an aim of maintaining legalism and strict moral codes as the ambassadors called Puritans of the desert. The Ibadis movement ought to follow the main Khariji doctrines, but had modifications that defined the conditions for them to live in harmony with other Muslims. Thus, they had the objective of being reconciliatory towards other Muslims than the Kharijis.

The group also aimed to continue teaching the people the Traditions and Futya (legal opinion) regardless of whether they subscribe to the Ibadis’ ideologies.

Why they hold the aspirations
Ibadism is different from both Shia and Sunni Islam. The sect believes that souls condemned to Hell will stay in hell all the days if their lives. They reject that Muslims will see Allah on the Day of Judgment. The group holds the aspirations due to several issues.

Ibadism movement has a different perspective on some issues in Islam in comparison to other Muslims. The Umayyads people wanted the pre-Islamic power to return to their region. Thus, the Muslim community separated into different sects in opposition to the policies given by the third Caliph ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan. Ibadis was among the parties who had different opinions on the policies and thus branched to shape their beliefs and reactions.

The movement disregarded the logic and reasoning against the traditional path of the Prophet. Ibadis opposed the third Caliph policies since they were against the Sunnah and hence non-Islamic. The movement maintains distinct loyalty to the Quran and the Sunnah as well as to other Muslims, who respect the Sunnah and the Quran (Francesca, 2015). The Ibadi Caliphate is under a secular ruler and can also cease to exist. The Caliph can subjugate the other Ibadi rulers in an own free will and can also declare Jihads. According to the Ibadis, their rulers can have multiple wives according to the expectation of many people. Anyone can hold the temple holdings without penalty, and the Ibadi dynasties tend towards cultural decline.

The group maintains the objectives since it is different from the famous Sunni Islam and Shia that have divergent views on various issues. The Ibadis share a history of the powerful Khariji Movement that was the earliest Muslim sect. They did not agree with the accepted order in the first two centuries of Islam.

How they achieve their objectives
The group achieves its objectives by selecting Imams under whose guidance they can fulfill the crucial Qur’anic injunction of “promoting good and preventing evil.” Thus, they establish the true Muslim community with clear guidelines on how to handle their conflicts and also how to interact with others. The sect has a belief that any Muslim with a blameless personality can be the Imam including slaves who do not undergo the customary rituals.

The group also achieves its objective by excommunicating from the community anyone who has a gross violation of their presets and becomes a Kafir. Ibadis believe in reconciliation, and the best way to handle such unbelievers is to excommunicate them rather than doing what others do. Most of the other Kharijis regarded the Kafir as polytheist who deserve death and not repenting (Francesca, 2015).

Ibadan defined four states in which their true Muslim community could exist. It was a method of ensuring that they stay away from the illegal Islamic rulers. The four states helped to maintain their true doctrines hence easy to achieve their objectives. The State of manifestation served the purpose of imposing Ibadan dominion on all the Muslims and openly selecting a universal Imam for the Muslims. The state of defense could survive by fighting the attacks from the enemy and has a special Imam to combat the enemies. The third state was that of self-sacrifice. A small group would attack the enemy as martyrs and have the assurance of paradise. The fourth State of concealment came into existence when the faithful; had to live under the reign of their opponents and practice dissimulation.

The ibadis have always had an attitude of unity with all the other Muslims despite them being non-Ibadis. One of their Imans claimed that the movement does not regard the Muslim opponents as idolaters since they believe in the unity of God, the Book, and the Messenger. Thus, Ibadis fulfill the objective of living in peace with the other Muslims by inheriting from them, marrying them, and living among them. The faith of Islam is the main aspect that unites them. The Ibadis invite people and give them an opportunity to understand their views and wait for them to make their decisions. Thus, attacks from their opponents are the only threat to destabilizing the movement and engage in a fight (Jones & Ridout, 2012).

The Ibadis broke off from the larger Kharijite sect after Umayyad took power. The group opposed the rule of the third Caliph in Islam and rejected the murder of Uthman and the Kharijite belief that people with divergent views ought to die. They attempted an armed insurrection that originated in the Hijaz region. The problems made the Umayyads sign a peace deal with the Ibadis and allowed it to retain a community in shibam. The Ibadis opted to break off from the rest of the Kharijites to have own doctrines and beliefs that would assist in achieving their objectives. Thus, any opposition by the Umayyads faced stiff resistance that led to the signing of the peace deal. According to the previous research work, the Ibadis wanted to maintain the true Islamic community that has strict observance of the law. Thus, the best strategy to use was to break from the rest of the groups. They formed a movement that has different ideologies but follows the unity of God, the Book, and the Messenger (Hoffman, 2015).

The ibadis also achieve their objectives by living lives that reflect what they believe. The political-theological concepts that arise from Ibadism can shape behaviors and attitudes, and also express themselves in action. The behaviors and actions of the Ibadians are effective in helping the movement achieve its objectives of maintaining peace and advocating for a pure Islamic society. The Ibadians maintain a personality of politeness that impacts to the other groups living within their communities. It is a strategy of promoting cohesiveness and thereby distancing itself from Kharijism movement.

Historical, Social, Political, Cultural, and Racial implications of membership

Ibadism is a distinct sect of Islam that does not share the same beliefs to the Sunni and the Shii. The main members of the group came from the Kharijite sect thereby becoming the dominant sub-sect of the Kharijites in Oman. There exist Historical, Social, Political, Cultural, and racial implications to the membership to the movement.

Historical Implications of membership
The movement has an Islam origin and thus shares the same history with other Islam groups. The association of the members of the movement with the dangerous Kharijite sect raises issues of the sincerity of its aims. According to the group, the members believe that they are the true Muslims and people of straightness. The ideologies of seeking for a harmonious Islam community appear genuine, but the movement has certain accounts of involvement with crime. Thus, the major implication of sharing a history with the Kharijite is viewing the Ibadis as ordinary Kharijites under a different movement. In 2005, the Sultanate of Oman’s state security court sentenced to jail terms to 31 Islamists who plotted to overthrow Oman leadership and being part of an illegal organization. The men sentenced to the jail terms came from the interior of the country that is a stronghold of the Ibadis. Also, Ibadis is the dominant group in Oman and had a high possibility of taking part in the plot to overthrow the Leadership. The association of Ibadis with the Kharijites before they broke up has far reaching implications on the members due their history (Hoffman, 2015).

Social, political, and cultural Implications of membership
The membership of Ibadis movement has impacts on the social life. For several decades, the Ibadis and their beliefs remain a mystery to the outside world. It is the same to the non-Muslims and the other Muslims who do not understand the Ibadis. The Ibadis claim that they can justify their views on Sunnis and the Shi’ites since they took the time to read the works of the two groups. However, the two sects did not read Ibadi works and hence repeated myths and false information when addressing the topic. The isolated nature of Oman country granted the Ibadi movement a perfect environment to develop fully (Al-Azri, 2013). The groups separated from the Kharijite sect due to their rejection of many extreme beliefs. Thus, the spread of Ibadism in Oman became evident, and many people subscribed to its ideologies. The members live as tolerant Puritans and with little political influence since they prefer solving differences with dignity with reasoning rather than confrontational. They also tolerate the Christians and Jews who practice their ideologies and also share their communities (Francesca, 2015). The social life of the Ibadians is complex since the other people find it challenging to understand it. The other groups live in the same environments, intermarry, and conduct other common roles together, but identify the movement as unique to them.

The Ibadis claim that they are not a subset of the Kharijite movement. The implications of the Khariji thoughts and practices are sectarian and worm under the interests of conflict and division. Ibadis maintain a state of quietism that extends to the avoidance of violence and insist on tolerance and anti-sectarianism. The movement does not seek to convert the thoughts and doctrines of the occupants of their areas of dominance. However, it intends to have a cultural legacy of the early Ibadi practice of Kitman. The social orientation of the group maintains that they have to avoid open clashes with the authorities and also maintain relations with the rulers. Ibadians also do not isolate the members of the movement from the Muslim community (Wilkinson, 2015).

Racial implications of membership
The Ibadi sect is the dominant group in Oman and comprises the Arabs mostly. Nearly all the Omani’s are Muslim divided into the Sunnis and the Ibadis and a small percentage of the Shia groups. There are few who is Hindu and no Christians or Jews. Thus, the dominant race is Islam and people who join Ibadis require having the basic skills in Islam (Singhal, 2012). For a long time, Muslims have been under the profile of their groups organizing and executing several attacks across the world. Thus, Ibadians may have a clear agenda of their ideologies but the common misconception renders them not effective in achieving their mandate. The racial implications of being a member of the Ibadi are the common racial profiling about Islams across the world.

Conclusion
The beliefs and the social, political, and cultural organization of a movement are the main determinants of its ideologies. As such, the different political, military, and religious movements that exist have certain issues that define them. Of interest in the Research, paper are the Ibadi (Ibadism) who have much dominance in Oman. The Ibadis are a movement that shares common roots with the Kharijites but separated and adopted different ideologies and aspirations. The main aim of the Ibadis is distancing itself from Kharijism movement by living and practicing peace with other Muslim communities. The movement holds to its aspirations due to its strong belief in purity for the Islam community that motivates them to practice. The Ibadis achieve their objectives by living exemplary lives that display their ideologies and hence impact the other Islam communities. There are Historical, Social, Political, Cultural, and Racial implications to the membership of Ibadi. Their history of being part of the Kharijites has an effect on their way of life. The fact that Ibadis are Muslims renders them vulnerable to negative profiling similar to other Islamic groups.